According to UNICEF, the prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in Sudan is 88 % and performed by health care professionals (nurses, midwife, other health workers) more often than by traditional practitioners.
Terre des Femmes notes that FGM/C prevalence varies according to the region, with a prevalence of 99,4 % in the north and a prevalence of 68,4 % in Western Darfur. Most girls are cut between the age of 5 and 9, usually between April and July, during school holidays. Solely the Beja ethnic group in eastern Sudan performs the procedure on babies. Girls who are not cut during childhood will have to undergo the procedure as adults before marriage, as this is seen as a prerequisite for becoming a wife. Other reasons for practising FGM/C include the belief that it is a religious duty and that the pan cleanses a woman's body and soul, as well as myths about a woman's unharmed genitals endangering her husband's virility, the life of her child, the harvest and her own health.
According to a 2015 report by Waging Peace, 90% of girls in Northern Sudan undergo infibulation and that women in a girl's extended family play a role in deciding whether the girl will be subjected to the practice.
FGM/C Country of Origin Experts for Sudan
Dr Rogaia Mustafa Abusharaf
rma57georgetown [dot] edu
Rogaia Mustafa Abusharaf is an Associate Professor of Anthropology at Georgetown University and author of Female Circumcision: Multicultural Perspectives (Ed.) (University of Pennsylvania Press 2006); and Transforming Displaced Women in Sudan: Politics and the Body in a Squatter Settlement (U. of Chicago Press 2009). She has conducted research in Sudan with activists working to end FGM/C.
Dr Nafisa M. Bedri
nmbedrigmail [dot] com
Dr Nafisa M. Bedri is Associate Professor in Women and Reproductive Health at Ahfad University for Women in Sudan. She has extensive experience in managing programmes and chairing of academic committees. A researcher and trainer in the field of gender, reproductive health, management, advocacy and policy analysis skills and has written and developed several publications and training materials in these fields. She carried out several researches at national and international level in the area of gender and women‘s health for different agencies including the WHO, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNAIDS and others. She is an activist in the area of women's reproductive and sexual rights, maternal health, violence against women, FGM/C and HIV/AIDS.
Dr Anita Fábos
AFabosclarku [dot] edu
Anita Fábos is an anthropologist and associate professor at Clark University. She has worked and conducted research together with Muslim Arab Sudanese forced migrants in the Middle East, Europe, and the US. Formerly Director of Forced Migration and Refugee Studies at the American University in Cairo, and Programme Coordinator for MA Refugee Studies at the University of East London, Fábos’s scholarship explores transnational ethnic and religious identity, race, displacement and gender among Muslim refugees at a time of growing discourses of ‘security’ and ‘Islamic spiritual geography’. She has done action research with Sudanese women in Egypt on female genital surgeries (also known as FGM) and has written numerous articles and chapters about Sudanese experiences as forced migrants in the Arab world, Europe, and North America, including Embodying Transition: FGC, Displacement, and Gender-making for Sudanese in Cairo (in Feminist Review). Her book, ‘Brothers’ or Others? Propriety and Gender for Muslim Arab Sudanese in Egypt (2010) is published by Berghahn Books. Fábos is currently researching the transnational performance of Sudanese music in the diaspora.
Email: petersudanupdate [dot] org
We have no Anti-FGM/C Organisations in Sudan, but would welcome suggestions. Please contact us.