A repository of policy and guidance documents that is updated whenever a new protection policy or guidance document is published and can thus be relied upon to represent the current state of UNHCR protection policy and guidance. UNHCR guidance and policy documents are organized by theme/subject, as reflected in the Protection Manual's Table of Contents. Subjects include legal topics (For example, UNHCR guidance on the different elements of the refugee definition) and operational protection guidance (for example, on 'asylum-seekers at sea', or 'age, gender and diversity'). Under each heading, documents are arranged in reverse chronological order with each document individually accessible through a hyperlink.
Our list of pro bono legal assistance providers is a directory of organizations, lawyers, and others who are able to assist refugees free-of-charge in legal matters and help secure refugee rights. This list may also be of use to legal providers assembling and arguing cases elsewhere in the world for information on country of origin, case development, and other help.
Our list of country of origin (COI) experts and organisations that provide COI will be of use to legal assistance providers in need of expert reports to support asylum cases and other refugee-related legal proceedings.
The provision of medical evidence in Refugee Status Determination procedures is frought with challenges. Medical reports documenting asylum seekers’ physical and/or mental health are increasingly being used within Refugee Status Determination (RSD) proceedings as objective evidence to support asylum claims.
A method for conductiong RSD adjudication with psychosocial support. Information and materials on the importance pshychosocial support before, during and after refugee status determination.
Understanding and application of psychological science in the asylum process is important to ensure that adjudication is fair, lessening the risk of denying protection to refugees. Here we present a brief introduction to the psychological research that can be drawn on in representing people seeking international protection and adjudication of claims. We also offer links to further resources.
A list of databases providing municipal and international Case Law material.
Accessing Regional Human Rights Bodies: A Guide
States and their institutions can often fail to provide adequate help for refugees and asylum seekers. When a decision reached by a State is considered to be in breach of regional rules regarding the adequate treatment of refugees and asylum seekers, it is possible to challenge that decision before regional human rights bodies. Please see below to find information on each region:
- The Americas
- Court of Justice of the European Union (Only national courts can access this court)
- European Court of Human Rights
Legal instruments and tools
- 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees
- Organisation of American States ‘Cartegena Declaration’
- 1969 Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa (OAU Convention)
- Tools for refugee protection in the Asia-Pacific region