According to UNHCR statistics for 2011, 251,954 refugees and people in refugee-like situations originated from Eritrea.
As UNHCR statistics generally rely on data from host countries, statistics on refugees alone can give an insufficient account of refugee numbers, as some host countries will not grant refugee status to certain groups. Including statistics for individuals in refugee-like situations is an attempt to account for unrecognised refugees and does not include stateless and internally displaced persons.
These statistics, which are for 2011, are the latest available, are provisional, and are subject to change.
Click here to see host countries for refugees originating from Eritrea.
See recent COI information for Eritrea: Still Human Still Here: Commentary on the Eritrea
Dr Tricia Redeker Hepner
Assistant Professor of Anthropology
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA
Email: thepnerutk [dot] edu
She has studied the socio-political dynamics of Eritrea and its diasporas for more than fifteen years. She is also an Eritrea Country Specialist for Amnesty International. Dr Hepner has provided expert testimony in hundreds of Eritrean asylum cases and has acted as a consultant for attorneys and legal aid providers in Canada, Europe, and the Middle East. Her active research agenda focuses on Eritrean refugees, transnational governance and repression, and rights-based organizing in the US, Europe, and Ethiopia. Two of her books include Soldiers, Martyrs, Traitors and Exiles: Political Conflict in Eritrea and the Diaspora (University of Pennsylvania Press) and Biopolitics, Militarism and Development: Eritrea in the Twenty-first Century, co-edited with David O’Kane (Berghahn Books). Dr. Hepner earned her MA and PhD in Anthropology from Michigan State University and a Certificate in Refugee Studies from York University, Toronto.
Mr Ben Rawlence
Email: benrawlencegmail [dot] com
Mr Rawlence is a Country of Origin expert on the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritea, and Somalia. He is currently the Senior Researcher for Human Rights Watch for the Horn of Africa. He has written numerous articles on issues occuring in the region and also written two BOOKS including City of Thorns: Fear and Longing in the World’s Largest Refugee Camp (forthcoming, 2015) and Radio Congo: Signals of Hope from Africa’s Deadliest War. Mr Rawlence can speak Swahili. He worked as a researcher on Eritrea for Human Rights Watch from 2008-2012. Although he never granted access to the country, he has interviewed hundreds of refugees in exile about their experiences, especially, the state system of mandatory military service and the network of prisons.
Dr Yohannes Woldemariam
Department of Political Science and Philosophy
Fort Lewis College, 1000 Rim Drive, Durango, CO 81301, USA
Email: Yohannes_wfortlewis [dot] edu
Dr Yohannes Woldemariam is an American citizen, born in Eritrea, raised in Ethiopia before Eritrea's independence. He lived in Sudan as a refugee before resettling in the US. He has followed events, gaining expert knowledge of Eritrea, Ethiopia and Sudan. He speaks Tigrinya, Amharic and can speak Arabic. He has been translating, providing expert opinions, and information involving Eritrean and Ethiopians in US Courts. He is not a member of any political organization in the Horn of Africa.
Dr Magnus Treiber
Department of Anthropology, University of Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany
Email: magnus [dot] treiberuni-bayreuth [dot] de
Dr Treiber teaches at the University of Bayreuth, Germany, in the Department of Anthropology. Following his doctoral thesis on the life-world of young urbanites in Asmara/Eritrea (2005, University of Munich), he is currently engaged in a research project on “Dynamic Worlds of Imagination – Learning processes, knowledge and communication among young urban migrants from Eritrea and Ethiopia”, funded by the Bavarian State Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts in the interdisciplinary research network “migration and knowledge (formig)”. He can provide country of origin information for Eritrea and Ethiopia, and his current reseach is on Eritrean and Ethiopian migrants in Khartoum, Sudan.
Dr John R Campbell
Department of Anthropology & Sociology
School of Oriental & African Studies, London
Email: jc58soas [dot] ac [dot] uk
Dr Campbell has over a decade’s experience of writing country expert reports for Ethiopian and Eritrean asylum applicants in the UK and elsewhere. He has also done extended fieldwork in/on the British asylum system. He has addressed a range of issues in the past but his work currently focuses on issues of statelessness and nationality, particularly in relation to the thousands of Ethiopian-born ethnic Eritreans who were deported during the border war between Ethiopia and Eritrea, and the thousands of Ethiopian-born ethnic Eritreans who currently reside in Ethiopia.
The America Team for Displaced Eritreans
President: John Stauffer
Email: MailEritreanRefugees [dot] org
The America Team for Displaced Eritreans provide links to COI information pertaining to Eritrean refugees. Initiatives include assisting with scholarships for Eritrean refugees seeking higher education in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and providing personal support to refugees in the USA who have come from Shimelba Refugee Camp, Ethiopia. They are not currently able to answer requests for general information but may be able to provide expert testimony in specific cases on request.
Radio Erena/Radio Erythrée International Blog
Independent of any political organisation or government, Radio Erena offers news, cultural programmes, music and entertainment. The blogsite provides articles containing firsthand reports of the situation in Eritrea and Ethiopia which may be considered useful in the gathering of country of origin information. A network of contributors based in the United States, Italy, Britain and the Netherlands is providing the Paris-based staff with Tigrinya-language programmes that are broadcast via Arabsat’s Badr-6 satellite. Eritreans can tune into Radio Erena on the 11,785 Mhz frequency with vertical polarisation (SR 27500, FEC 3/4).
International Crisis Group, Eritrea: The Siege State, Africa Report N°163, 21 September 2010 - An excellent country report from a renowned organisation which may be a potential source of up-to-date COI for asylum applications.