According to UNICEF, the prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in Egypt is 91%. In contrast to the situation of other FGM/C-practising countries, in Egypt FGM/C is mainly performed by medical professionals (77%). About 80% FGM/C was performed to girls between the ages of 5 and 14.
Terre des Femmes notes that, in spite of the medicalization of FGM in Egypt, in 65% cases the procedure is performed in private housing and in 25% cases without anaesthesia. Sometimes doctors who do use anaesthesia work with unqualified anaesthesiologists, leading to death couple of years later because of complications with anaesthetics.
The main reason for practising FGM/C refers to religious duties, aesthetic appeal and better marriage prospects.
See also 28 Too Many's country profile on Egypt.
FGM/C Country of Origin Experts for Egypt
Email: AFabosclarku [dot] edu
Anita Fábos is an anthropologist and associate professor at Clark University. She has worked and conducted research together with Muslim Arab Sudanese forced migrants in the Middle East, Europe, and the US. Formerly Director of Forced Migration and Refugee Studies at the American University in Cairo, and Programme Coordinator for MA Refugee Studies at the University of East London, Fábos’s scholarship explores transnational ethnic and religious identity, race, displacement and gender among Muslim refugees at a time of intensifying discourses of ‘security’ and ‘Islamic spiritual geography’. She has done action research with Sudanese women in Egypt on female genital surgeries (also known as FGM) and has written numerous articles and chapters about Sudanese experiences as forced migrants in the Arab world, Europe, and North America, including “Embodying Transition: FGC, Displacement, and Gender-making for Sudanese in Cairo” (in Feminist Review). Her book, ‘Brothers’ or Others? Propriety and Gender for Muslim Arab Sudanese in Egypt (2010) is published by Berghahn Books. Fábos is currently researching the transnational performance of Sudanese music in the diaspora.
Dr Mariz Tadros
Email: M [dot] Tadrosids [dot] ac [dot] uk
Mariz Tadros is a Research Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies, Sussex University. Dr. Tadros is also the Co-leader of the Power and Popular Politics Cluster at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex. She is currently Co-Director of the DFID-supported RPC on Social and Political Action for Empowerment and Accountability. Prior to joining the University of Sussex, Mariz was an Assistant Professor of Political Science at the American University in Cairo and worked for many years as a journalist for Al-Ahram Weekly English language newspaper in Cairo where she published over 300 articles on a variety of subjects. Dr. Tadros specialises in the politics and human development of the Middle East and her research areas include: democratisation, Islamist politics, gender, sectarianism, human security and religion and development. Mariz has authored over one hundred publications, and her books include:Resistance, Revolt, and Gender Justice in Egypt, The Muslim Brotherhood in Contemporary Egypt: Democracy redefined or confined? and Copts at the Crossroads: The challenges of building an inclusive democracy in contemporary Egypt. Mariz is also editor of Women in Politics: Gender, Power and Development and Co-Editor of the IDS Bulletin Ruptures and Ripple Effects in the Middle East and Beyond.
We have no Anti-FGM/C Organisations in Egypt, but would welcome suggestions. Please contact us.